The Jack Russell Terrier is lively, athletic, devoted & affectionate. This breed has high levels of energy and enjoy to play fetch. They are a working Terrier that excel in many different dog sports. Without proper training, they can be a bit aggressive toward other dogs. Regular exercise is important to keep this breed from boredom. They can become quite destructive without it.
The Jack Russell coat can be smooth or rough. It can also have a combination of both which is known as a broken coat. A broken-coated dog may have longer hair on the tail or face than that which is seen on a smooth-coated dog. All coat types should be dense double coats.
The most recognizable color of the Jack Russell is predominately white in coloration with black and/or tan markings. Patches of color often appear on the main body, head & tail. More than 50% of their body should be colored white.
Jack Russell Terriers require little grooming. Brushing with a hard bristle brush 1 – 2 times per week should be sufficient. They only need to be bathed when necessary.
The life expectancy is between 13 – 16 years. The Jack Russell breed is an overwhelmingly healthy breed. Some health concerns that this breed may encounter are:
• Patellar Luxation
• Congenital Deafness
• Hereditary Cataracts
• Ectopia Lentis
The Jack Russell we know today was first bred by Reverend John Russell. He was a hunting enthusiast who lived from 1795 – 1883. This breed was bred for hunting, especially fox hunts. Much of the Jack Russell heritage can also be linked with the Fox Terrier. This breed was recognized by the AKC in 1998 and grouped as Terrier.