The Yorkshire Terrier originated in the rugged region of Yorkshire England. This breed was developed in the 19th century to help control rats in early clothing mills. Their lineage can be accredited from the cross of three different breeds: Waterside Terrier, Paisley Terrier and Manchester Terrier.
The Yorkshire Terrier was first recognized by the AKC in 1936 and Grouped as Toy.
- Country of Origin: England
- Weight: 3 - 7 lbs
- Height: 6 - 9 inches
- Color: The traditional color of the Yorkie is blue and tan, the tan being on the face, chest and legs. Yorkie puppies are often born black & tan, with the black color gradually changing to blue as they mature. Another color seen in this breed is the parti color Yorkie. This color however is not considered correct for the breed standards.
The Yorkshire Terrier is active, confident, loves attention and is fearless. This spunky breed makes a great watch dog. They can hear people approaching well before they are there. They are also courageous and though small, will protect their owners. Because the Yorkie has high levels of energy, they will enjoy chasing and playing with toys. They enjoy being close to their owners and won’t mind snuggling in your bed.
The Yorkshire Terriers life expectancy is between 13 – 16 years. One of the most common health concerns with this breed is dental disease. Because they have small jaws, their teeth may become crowded. As a result food can build up and their teeth may not fall out properly. Other issues to watch for are:
• Collapsing Tracheas
• Portosystemic Shunt
Traditionally the coat is grown-out long and is parted down the middle of the back. The typical fine, straight, and silky Yorkshire Terrier coat is hypoallergenic. Yorkies do not shed to the same degree as other breeds, only losing small amounts when bathed or brushed.
There are many different cuts for the Yorkshire Terrier. The easiest for maintaining a healthy coat is a short cut that is tight to the body. The traditional long coat is much higher maintenance. Daily brushing for this breed is recommended to keep its coat healthy.