The Golden Retriever is believed to have originated in Scotland during the 18th century. They were bred to retrieve from water & land because many areas were covered by small lakes, rivers or ponds. The Golden lineage can be traced to the Water Spaniel which was crossed with the early retriever.
Golden Retrievers are now one of the most popular breeds in the United States. The Golden Retriever was first recognized by the AKC in 1925 and grouped as Sporting.
- Country of Origin: Great Britain
- Weight: 55 - 80 lbs
- Height: 21 - 24 inches
- Color: As indicated by their name, their coat comes in light golden colors to dark golden colors. Their golden coats can range from a light cream color, into the yellows, or even into a dark copper shade.
The Golden Retriever is kind, confident, responsive, affectionate and overall makes for a great family pet. They do well with children and other animals. One of their more distinguished characteristics is how outgoing & social they are. They have a calm demeanor with a willingness to learn. The Golden Retriever is highly intelligent and easily trained with proper training. They enjoy playing fetch and cuddling with their families.
The average life expectancy is between 10 – 14 years. One of the more common health issues with the Golden Retriever is hip dysplasia. The most common fatal health issue today is Hemangiosarcoma & Lymphosarcoma, both forms of cancer. Other health concerns to be aware of are:
• Heart Disease
They have 2 different types of hair on their coat. The top coat is water-resistant and slight wavy. It sheds in small amounts throughout the year. The undercoat is soft and keeps the Retriever cool in the summer and warm in the winter. The undercoat sheds in the fall and spring. It usually lies flat against the belly. Golden Retrievers have mild feathering on the back of their fore legs and heavier feathering on the front of their necks, back of their thighs and the bottom of their tails.
Golden Retrievers require regular grooming and the occasional bath. They should be groomed at least once a week, and every day during heavy shedding. They should be bathed every two months. Their coats shed somewhat during the year, but are known to shed profusely twice a year. They also need to have their ears cleaned regularly, or ear infections might occur.